OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany & Exam Pattern is described here. Candidates who want to became a Botany Lecturer in Government Junior Colleges of Odisha, has to qualify the OPSC Junior Lecturer (Odisha Education Service) Exam. This exam consists of 4 papers, out of which two branch paper and another two General English & General Knowledge Papers. The full exam pattern and syllabus for OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany is mentioned below.
OPSC Junior Lecturer for Botany Exam Pattern:
Junior Lecturer in Botany Exam consists of following 4 papers. The mark distribution is as follows.
1. General English : 50 Marks
2. General Knowledge : 50 Marks
3. Botany Paper-I : 200 Marks
4. Botany Paper-II : 200 Marks.
Full Marks : 500 Marks
OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany
General characteristics, Organization of thallus, Cell Structure, Reproduction,Alternation of generation, Economic importance; Structure, Reproduction and life cycle of chlamydomonas and Spirogyra. Cyanobacteria – General characteristics, Cell structure, Heterocysts, Reproduction and Economic importance.
Fungi – General characteristics, organization of thallus, Reproduction, Alternation of generations, Economic importance; Structure, Reproduction and life cycle of Yeast, Mucor and Rhizopus. Lichens – Thallus structure and Reproduction of Lichen. Plant Diseases – Late blight of potato, Smut and rust of wheat, Citrus
Canker, Mosaic Disease of tobacco.
Unit-II – Bryophytes
General characteristics, Alternation of generation, Economic significance; Structure & Reproduction of Riccia, Anthoceros and Sphagnum. Pteridophytes – General characteristics, Alternation of generation, Stelar structure, Heterospory and seed habit; General Morphology, Anatomy and Reproduction of Psilotum, Sellaginella and Marsilea. Gymnosperms – General characteristics, Resemblances with and differences between Pteridophytes and Angiosperms; General Morphology, Anatomy and Reproduction of Cycas.
Unit-III – Morphology of Angiosperms
Root, Stem and their modifications; Leaves and their types, Venation and modifications; Phyllotaxy; Inflorescence; Structure of flower, Floral diagram and Floral Formula; Important features of the families; Cruciferae, Fabaceae, Malvaceae and Poaceae.
Unit-IV – Anatomy
Anatomy of typical dicot stems, root and leaf; Secondary growth and anomalous secondary growth of stems. Embryology of Angiosperms- Microsporangium, Male gametophyte, Megasporangium, Female gametophyte, Pollination, Fertilization, Sexual incompatibility, Endosperm, Embryo, Seed development, Structure and
types of seeds, Seed dispersal, Seed dormancy and germination.
Unit-V – Ecology –
Ecological factors; Ecological adaptations – Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Mesophytes; Plant succession; Bio-geochemical cycles, Ecosystem and their components, Major ecosystems, Environmental pollution- air, soil and water pollution and their control measures.
General characteristics, size and shape, structure, viral multiplication. Bacteriophages- Types, Multiplication, Lytic cycle, Lysogeny. Archaea – General features, cell structure and types. Eubacteria – Morphology, Internal structure, Transformation, Conjugation, Transduction.
Unit– II – Cell Biology
Cell structure, Cell wall, Cell membrane, Plastids, Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, Glyoxisomes, Perosisomes, Ribosomes, Nucleus and Nucleolus; Structure of Chromosomes; Cell cycle – Mitosis and Meisosi.
Unit – III – Genetics
Mendel’s laws of Inheritance, Interaction of genes; Linkage, Recombination and Gene mapping; Extra-Nuclear inheritance; Mutation-Types and induction, DNA damage and repair; Types of polyploidy, Role of mutation and polyploidy in crop improvement.
Unit – IV – Molecular Biology –
DNA is the genetic material, Structure and Replication of DNA, DNA polymerase; Structure and types of RNA;
RNA polymerase and transcription, RNA processing; Translation; Regulation of gene action in prokaryotes with reference to lac-operon. Plant Biotechnology- General idea about plant tissue culture, sterilization techniques, clonal propagation, somaclonal variation; Protoplast isolation and somatic hybridization. Transgenic plants- Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer, Direct gene transfer, Insect (Bt.) and herbicide(glyphosate) resistant transgenic plants.
Unit – V – Plant Physiology
Water relations of plant cells, absorption of water, ascent of sap, transpiration, mineral nutrition; Phloem transport. Plant Biochemistry – enzymes; Photosynthesis and photorespiration, respiration, nitrogen metabolism. Plant growth regulators – (auxins, gibberellin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, ethylene), Photoperiodism and venalization.