OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany & Exam Pattern

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OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany & Exam Pattern is described here. Candidates who want to became a Botany Lecturer in Government Junior Colleges of Odisha, has to qualify the OPSC Junior Lecturer (Odisha Education Service) Exam. This exam consists of 4 papers, out of which two branch paper and another two General English & General Knowledge Papers. The full exam pattern and syllabus for OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany is mentioned below.

OPSC Junior Lecturer for Botany Exam Pattern:

Junior Lecturer in Botany Exam consists of following 4 papers. The mark distribution is as follows.

1. General English : 50 Marks

2. General Knowledge : 50 Marks

3. Botany Paper-I : 200 Marks

4. Botany Paper-II : 200 Marks.

         Full Marks : 500 Marks

OPSC Junior Lecturer Syllabus for Botany 

Paper-I

 

Unit-I -Algae 

General characteristics, Organization of thallus, Cell Structure, Reproduction,Alternation of generation, Economic importance; Structure, Reproduction and life cycle of chlamydomonas and Spirogyra. Cyanobacteria – General characteristics, Cell structure, Heterocysts, Reproduction and Economic importance.
Fungi – General characteristics, organization of thallus, Reproduction, Alternation of generations, Economic importance; Structure, Reproduction and life cycle of Yeast, Mucor and Rhizopus. Lichens – Thallus structure and Reproduction of Lichen. Plant Diseases – Late blight of potato, Smut and rust of wheat, Citrus
Canker, Mosaic Disease of tobacco.

Unit-II – Bryophytes

General characteristics, Alternation of generation, Economic significance; Structure & Reproduction of Riccia, Anthoceros and Sphagnum. Pteridophytes – General characteristics, Alternation of generation, Stelar structure, Heterospory and seed habit; General Morphology, Anatomy and Reproduction of Psilotum, Sellaginella and Marsilea. Gymnosperms – General characteristics, Resemblances with and differences between Pteridophytes and Angiosperms; General Morphology, Anatomy and Reproduction of Cycas.

Unit-III – Morphology of Angiosperms

Root, Stem and their modifications; Leaves and their types, Venation and modifications; Phyllotaxy; Inflorescence; Structure of flower, Floral diagram and Floral Formula; Important features of the families; Cruciferae, Fabaceae, Malvaceae and Poaceae.

Unit-IV – Anatomy

Anatomy of typical dicot stems, root and leaf; Secondary growth and anomalous secondary growth of stems. Embryology of Angiosperms- Microsporangium, Male gametophyte, Megasporangium, Female gametophyte, Pollination, Fertilization, Sexual incompatibility, Endosperm, Embryo, Seed development, Structure and
types of seeds, Seed dispersal, Seed dormancy and germination.

Unit-V – Ecology –

Ecological factors; Ecological adaptations – Hydrophytes, Xerophytes, Mesophytes; Plant succession; Bio-geochemical cycles, Ecosystem and their components, Major ecosystems, Environmental pollution- air, soil and water pollution and their control measures.

PAPER-II

 

Unit–I- Viruses

General characteristics, size and shape, structure, viral multiplication. Bacteriophages- Types, Multiplication, Lytic cycle, Lysogeny. Archaea – General features, cell structure and types. Eubacteria – Morphology, Internal structure, Transformation, Conjugation, Transduction.

Unit– II – Cell Biology

Cell structure, Cell wall, Cell membrane, Plastids, Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, Glyoxisomes, Perosisomes, Ribosomes, Nucleus and Nucleolus; Structure of Chromosomes; Cell cycle – Mitosis and Meisosi.

Unit – III – Genetics

Mendel’s laws of Inheritance, Interaction of genes; Linkage, Recombination and Gene mapping; Extra-Nuclear inheritance; Mutation-Types and induction, DNA damage and repair; Types of polyploidy, Role of mutation and polyploidy in crop improvement.

Unit – IV – Molecular Biology –

DNA is the genetic material, Structure and Replication of DNA, DNA polymerase; Structure and types of RNA;
RNA polymerase and transcription, RNA processing; Translation; Regulation of gene action in prokaryotes with reference to lac-operon. Plant Biotechnology- General idea about plant tissue culture, sterilization techniques, clonal propagation, somaclonal variation; Protoplast isolation and somatic hybridization. Transgenic plants- Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer, Direct gene transfer, Insect (Bt.) and herbicide(glyphosate) resistant transgenic plants.

Unit – V – Plant Physiology

Water relations of plant cells, absorption of water, ascent of sap, transpiration, mineral nutrition; Phloem transport. Plant Biochemistry – enzymes; Photosynthesis and photorespiration, respiration, nitrogen metabolism. Plant growth regulators – (auxins, gibberellin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, ethylene), Photoperiodism and venalization.

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